OESJD IV.11; on John 5.22

[fol. 18r] § Iohn: 5.22. The Father iudgeth no man, But hath
committed all iudgment to ye Sonne./

Math:7.6.When our sauio[u]r X forbids vs to cast pearle before swine, we vnderstand ordinarily in that place, yt by pearle are vnderstood ye Scriptures: & when we consider ye n[atu]rall generation & p[ro]duction of pearle, yt they grow bigger & bigger by continuall succession & deuolution of dew, & other glutinous moisture yt falls vpon ym, & yr conduces & hardens, soe yt pearle is but a body of many shells, many crusts, many filmes, many coates inwrapped vpon one another. to this scripture wc we haue in hand doth yt metaphor of pearle very prop[er]ly app[er]taine, bec: o[u]r Sauio[u]r X in this chap: vndertaking to proue his owne diuinity & Godhead to ye Iewes, wo acknowledged & confessed ye ye father to be G. but denied it of him, he folds & wraps vp reason vpon reason, argumt vpon Argumt, yt all things are com[m]on betweene ye father & him, yt wtsoeu[e]r ye father does, he does, & wtsoeu[e]r ye father is, he is; for v. 17. first he saies yt he is a partner, a cooperator wth ye father in ye pr[e]sent administration, & gouernmt of ye world, my father worketh hitherto,  & I worke well; if ye father doe ease hims: vpon instrum:ts now, yet was it soe from yev. 19. beginning? had he a part in ye Creation? yes; wtsoeu[e]r ye father doth, those also doth ye son likewise; but doth those extend to ye worke properly & n[atu]rally belonging to G., to ye remission of sins, to ye infusion of grace, to ye sp[e]c[i]all resurrection of ym, yt are dead in yr iniquities? yes euen to yt too; for as the father raiseth vp ye dead & quickneth ym, euen soe ye son quickneth wm he will; but hath not this power of his a determination or expiration? shall it not v. 27 end, at least wn ye world ends? noe, not then, for G. hath giuen him authority to execute iudgm.ts bec: he is ye son of man. Is yr yn noe sup[e]rsideas vpon this Com[m]ision? is ye Son equall wth ye father in o[u]r eternall election? in o[u]r creation? in ye meanes of o[u]r Saluation? in ye last Iudgmt? in all; omne iudiciu[m] G. hath com[m]itted all iudgmt ./ to ye Son, & here is a Pearle made vp, ye dew of Gods grace sprinkled vpon o[u]r soules, ye beames of Gods spirit shed vpon o[u]r soules, yt effectuall & working knowledg, yt he wo died for your saluation, is p[er]fect G. as well as p[er]fect man, fitt & willing to accomplish that saluation./

In handling yn this iudgmt, wc is a word, yt embraces & compr[e]hends all, all fro[m] o[u]r election, wr noe merit or future actions of ours were considered by G. to our fruition & possession of yt election, wr all o[u]r actions shalbe considered & recompenced by him, we shall see first, yt iudgmt belongs p[ro]p[er]ly to G.; & 2:ly yt G. ye father, whom we consider to be ye roote & foundation of yee deity can noe more diuert his iudgmt, yn can his godhead. [fol. 18v] & go in ye 3d place we consider, what ye com[m]itting of iudgmt wc is mentioned here, imports, & yn to wm it is com[m]itted, to ye Sonne, & lastly ye largenes of yt com[m]itted, omne, all iudgm.t, soe yt we cannot carry o[u]r thoughts soe high, or soe far backward, as to thinke of any iudgmt giuen vpon vs in Gods purpose or decree wthout relation to X; nor soe farr forward as to thinke yt yr shalbe a iudgmt giuen vpon vs according to our good morall dispositions or actions, but according to our appr[e]hensio[n] & imitation of X. Iudgmt is a prop[er] & inseparable character of G. yt’s first; ye father cannot diuest hims: of yt; yt’s next: ye 3d is yt he hath com[m]itted it to another; & yn ye p[er]son yt is his Delegate, is his onely sonne, & lastly his power is eu[e]rlasting, & yt iudgm:t day, yt belongs to him hath & shall last from o[u]r first election, through ye p[ar]ticipation of the meanes prepared by him, in his Xh to our association & vnion wth him in glory, & soe ye whole circle of time, & before time was, & wn time shalbe noe more makes vp but one iudgmt day, to him, to wm ye father wo iudgeth noe man, 1) hath com[m]itted all iudgmt./

Iudiciu[m] dei Rom:12.19./First then, Iudgmt app[er]taines to G. it is his in Criminall causes, vindicta mihi vengeance is mine, I will repay saith ye L. it is soe in ciuill things too, for G. hims: is Proprietary of all, d[omi]ni est terra et plenitudo ejus ye earth is ye Lords, & all yt is in & on ye earth, yo[u]r siluer is mine, & yo[u]r gold is mines saith ye P[rop]het, & ye beasts on a thousand mountaines are mine saies Dauid, yow are Vsufructuaries of ym, but I am Proprietary; noe attribute of G. is soe often iterated in ye Script: noe state of G. soe often inculcated, as this of Iudg & Iudgm.t noe word concerning G. soe often repeated, but it is brought to ye height wr in yt place Psal: 82.1 of ye Psalme, wr we read G. iudgeth among ye Gods, ye Latine Xh euer read it, deus diiudicat deos, G. iudgeth ye Gods, yms:, for tho G. say of iudges & magistrates, ego dixi, dii estis, I haue said, ye are Gods (& if G. say it, wo shall gainsay it?) yet he saies too, moriemini sicut ho[min]es, ye gtest Gods vpon earth die like men; & if yt be not humiliation enough, yr is more threatned in yt wc followes, ye shall fall like one of ye Princes, for ye fall of a Prince involues ye ruine of many others too, & it fills ye world wth horror for ye pr[e]sent & ominous discourse for ye future, but ye farthest of all is deus diiudicat deos, euen these Iudges must come th to this Iudgmt, & go yt Psalme wc begins soe is concluded thus, Surge D[omi]ne, arise G. & iudge ye Earth, he is G. & euen in G. hims: it is expressed as a kinde of rising, as some exaltation of his power, yt he is to iudg; & yt place in ye beginning of yt Psalme many of ye Ancients read in ye future, diiudicabit, G. shall iudg the Gods, bec: ye frame of ye Psalme seemes to referr it to ye last iudgmt, Tertullian reads it diiudicauit, as a thing past, G. hath iudged in all times, & ye l[ette]re of ye § requires it to be in ye pr[e]sent diiudicat, collect all, & iudgmt is soe essentiall to G., as yt it is coeternall wth him, he hath, [fol. 19r] he doth & he will iudg ye world & ye iudges of ye world; other Iudges die like men weakely, & they fall thats worse, ignominiously, & they fall like Princes, thats worst, fearefull & yet scornefully, & wn they are dead & falne, they rise noe more to execute iudgmt, but to haue iudgmt executed vpon ym. ye L. dies not, nor he falls not, & if he seeme to slumber ye Martirs vnder ye Altar Awake him, wth ye vsquequo D[omi]ne, How long o L. before thou execute iudgmt? & he will arise & iudge ye world, for iudgmt is his; G. putteth downe one & setteth vp another saies Dauid, wr hath he yt power? why G. is ye iudg, not a Iudg but ye iudg; & in yt right he putteth downe one & setteth vp another./

Iudiciu[m] detestationisNow for this iudgmt wc we place in G. we must consider in G. 3 notions, 3 appr[e]hensions 3 kinds of iudgmt. 1. G. hath iudiciu[m] detestationis, G. doth n[atu]rally know, & go nrally detest euill. for noe man in ye extreamest corruption of n[atu]re is yet falne soe farr, as to loue or approue euill, at ye same time yt he knowes & acknowledges it to be euill, but we are soe blind in ye knowledg of euill, yt we need yt gt assistance of ye law its: to make vs know wt was euill. Moses magnifies (& iustly) ye Law, non appropinquauit saies Moses, G. came not soe neare to any nation as to ye Iewes, non taliter fecit saies Moses, G. dealt not soe wth any nation as wth ye Iewes; & wrin? bec: he had giuen ym a law, & yet we see ye gtest dignity of ye law to be, yt by ye law is ye knowledg of sin, for though by ye Law of n[atu]re written in o[u]r harts yr be some condemnation of some sins, yet to know yt eu[e]ry sin was treason agst G., to know yt eu[e]ry sin hath ye reward of death & eternall death annexed to it; this Knowledg we haue onely by ye Law. now if a man will pr[e]tend to be a Iudge, wt an exact knowledg of ye law is required at his hand? for some things are sin to one nation, wc are not to another as wt ye iust authority of ye lawfull magistrate changes ye n[atu]re of ye thing & makes a thing n[atu]rally indifferent, n[atu]rally to ym wo are vnder his obedience; some things are sins at one time wc are not at another; as all ye ceremoniall law created new sins, wc were not sins before ye law was giuen, nor since it expir’d, some things are sins in a man now, wc will not be sins in ye same man to morrow, as wn a man hath contracted a iust scruple agst any p[ar]ticular action it is a sin to doe it dureing ye scruple, & it may be a sin in him to omitt it wn he hath diuested ye Scruple; onely G. hath Iudiciu[m] detestationis, he knowes & go detests euill. & go flatter not thys: wth a tush G. sees it not, or tush G. cares not doth it disquiet him or trouble his rest in heauen yt I breake his sabboth here? doth it wound his body, or draw his blood there, yt I sweare by his body & blood here? doth it corrupt any of his virgins there, yt I sollicite ye chastity of a woman here? are his martyrs withdrawne from yr alleagance or retarded in yr seruice to him there bec: I dare not defend his cause, nor speake for him, nor fight for him here? Beloued as it is a degree of superstition, & an effect of an indiscreet zeale per chance to be too foreward in making indifferent things n[ecessa]ry & soe imprint ye n[atu]re & sting of sinne [fol. 19v] where n[atu]rally it is not; soe certainely it is a more slipperie & irreligious thing to be too apt to call things meerely indifferent, & soe to forget yt euen in eating & drinking, waking & sleeping, ye glory of G. is intermingled as if we knew exactly ye pr[e]science or foreknowledg of G. yt could be nothing contingent or casuall (for though yr be a contingency in ye n[atu]re of the thing, yet is it certaine to G.) soe if we considered duely wrin ye glory of G. might be promou’d in eu[e]ry action of ours yr could scarce bee any action soe indifferent, but yt ye glory of G. would turne ye Scale, & make it n[ecessa]ry to me at yt time: but then priuate interest & priuate respects created a new indifferencie to my appr[e]hension, & calls me to consider yt thing as it is in n[atu]re, & not as it is conditioned wth yt circumstance of ye glory of G., & soe I loose yt Iudiciu[m] detestation wc onely G. hath absolutely & p[er]fectly, to know & go to detest euill. & soe he is a Iudge./

Iudiciu[m] discretionis./As he is a Iudge, soe iudicat rem, he iudges ye n[atu]re of ye thing, he is so too as he hath iudicium discretionis; & so iudicat p[er]sonam he knowes wt is euill, & he discernes wn thou com[m]ittest yt euill, here yow are faine to supplie defects of Lawes, yt things done in one County may be tryed in another, & yt in offences of high n[atu]re transmarine offences may be inquir’d & tried here; but as ye P[rop]het sais, wo measured ye waters in Esa:40.12. ye hollow of his hand, & meeted out ye heauens wth a span, wo compr[e]hended ye dust of ye earth in a measure, or weighed ye mountaines in a scale: so I say, wo hath diuided heauen into shires or parishes, or limited the territories & iurisdictions yr, yt G. should not haue & exercise iudiciu[m] discretionis, ye power of discretion discerning all actions in all places wn yr was noe more to be seene, nor considered vpon ye whole earth, but ye garden of Paradice, (for, from ye beginning, deliciæ ejus esse cum filijs hominu[m], Gods delight was to be wth ye sonnes of men, & man was onely yr; shall we not diminish G. nor speake too vulgarly of him to say yt he houered like a falcon ouer Paradice, & yt from yt height of heauen ye piercing eye of G. saw soe litle a thing, as ye forbidden fruit & wt became of yt? & ye reaching eare of G. heard ye hissing of ye serpent & ye whispering of ye woman, & wt was concluded vpon yt, shall we thinke it litle to haue seene things done in paradice, wn yr was nothing else to diuert his eye, nothing else to distract his counsails, nothing else done vpon ye face of ye earth? take ye earth now as it is replenished, & take it either as it is torne & crumbled into rags & shiuers, not a Kingdome not a family, not a man agreeing wth hims: or take it in yt concord wcPsal:2.2. is in it, as all ye Kings of ye earth sett yms: & all ye rulers of ye Earth take counsell together against ye L. take it in this union, or this diuision in this concord, or this discord, still ye L. yt sitteth in ye heauens discernes all, lookes at all, laughs at all, & hath ym all in derision; earthly Iudges haue yr distinctions & soe yr restrinctions, some things they cannot know, wt mortall man can know all? Some things they cannot take knowledg of, for they are bound to euidence, but G. hath iudiciu[m] discretionis, noe mist, noe cloud, no darknes, noe disguise keeps him from discerning & iudging all o[u]r actions. & soe he is a Iudge too./

[fol. 20r] Iudiciu[m] Retribu tionis /And he is soe lastly, as he hath iudiciu[m] retributionis. G. knowes wt is euill he knowes wn yt euill is done, & he knowes how to punish & recompence that euill, for ye office of a Iudg, wo iudges according to a law, being not to contract, or extend yt law, but to declare wt was ye true meaning of that law-maker, wn he made that law, G. hath this iudgmt in p[er]fection, bec: he hims. made that law by wc he iudges, & go wn he hath said morte morieris if thou doe it, thou shalt die a double death, wr he hath said, stipendium Sam:2.15 peccati mors est, eu[e]ry sin shalbe rewarded wth death. If I sin agst ye L. wo shall intreat for me? wo shall giue any other interpr[e]tation, any modification any non obstante vpon his Law in my behalfe wn he comes to iudg me according to yt law wc hims: hath made? wo shall thinke to delude ye Iudg, & say surely this was not ye meaning of ye Law-giuer / when he wo is ye Iudg was ye Law maker too./

sine appellatione.And yn as G. is iudg in all these 3 respects, so is he a Iudg in ym all, sine appellatione & sine iudicijs. man cannot appeale fro[m] G. G. needs noe euidence from man; for ye Appeale first; to wm should we appeale from ye Sou[e]raigne? wrangle as long as ye will, wo is ye cheife Iustice, & wc court hath iurisdiction ou[e]r another, I know ye cheife Iustice, & I know ye Sou[e]raigne Court, ye King of heauen & earth shall send his ministring spirits, his Angells to ye wombe & bowells of ye earth, & to ye bosome & bottome of ye Sea, & earth must d[eliver] corp[us] cum causa, all ye bodies of ye dead, & all yr actions to receiue a iudgmt in this Court: wn it wilbe but an erroneous & friuolous appeale to call to ye hills to fall downe vpon vs & ye mountaines to cou[e]r & hide vs from ye wrathfull iudgmt of G./

sine iudicijsHe is Iudge then sine Appelatione without any appeal from him, he is soe too sine iudicijs, wthout needing any euidence from vs: now if I be wary in my actions here, Incarnate Deuills, detractors & informers cannot accuse mee; if my sin come not to action, but lie onely in my heart, ye deuill hims: wo is ye accuser of ye brethren hath noe euidence agst mee, but G. knowes my hart: doth not Pro: 24.12 he yt pondereth ye hart, vnderstand it? wr it is not in yt faint word wc ye vulgar addition hath expressed it in Inspector cordiu[m], yt G. sees ye hart; but ye word is Tochen, wc signifies eu[e]rywr to weigh, to number, to search, to Pro: 16.2 examine as ye word is vsed by Salomon againe, ye L. weigheth ye Spirits & it must be a steddy hand & exact scales, yt shall weigh spirits. soe yt though neither man, nor deuill, nay nor mys: giue euidence agst me, yet though I know nothing by mys:, I am not yrby iustified, why? wr is ye further danger? 1 Cor: 4.4 in this wc followes yr in s:t Paul, he yt iudges me is ye L. & ye L. hath meanes to know my heart better then mys: & go as s:t Aug: makes vse of those words abissus abissu[m] invocat, one deep calls vpon another, ye infinite depth of my sins, must call vpon ye more infinite depth of Gods mercy, for if G. wo is Iudg in all these respects Iudicio detestationis, he knowes & abhores euill, & iudicio discretionis, he discernes eu[e]ry euill p[er]son & euery euill action & iudicio retributionis, he can & will recompence euill wth euill, & all these sine appellatione we cannot appeale fro[m] him & sine iudicijs he needs noe euidence fro[m] vs, if ye Iudg enter into iudgmt wth me, not onely I, but not ye most righteous man, noe nor ye Xh, wm he hath washed in his blood, that she might be without spot or wrinckle, & shall appeare righteous in his sight./

[fol. 20v] 2) This being then thus, yt iudgmt is an inseparable Caracter of G. ye father being fons deitatis, ye roote & spring of ye whole deity, how is it said yt ye father iudgeth noe man? not yt we should conceiue a weariness & retyring in ye father or a discharging of hims: vpon ye shoulders & Labours of another in ye administration & iudging of this world; for as it is truely said yt G. rested the seauenth day, yt is, he rested from working in yt kinde, from Creating, soe it is true yt X saies here, my father worketh yet, & I worke, & soe as it is truely Ioh:8.50 said here, ye father iudgeth noe man, it is truely said of ye father, I seeke not mine owne glory, yr is one yt seeketh & iudgeth, still it is true, yt G. hath iudiciu[m] detestationes (thy eyes are pure eyes O L. & cannot behold iniquity saies ye P[rop]het) Ier:29.23. still it is true, yt he hath iudiciu[m] discretionis (bec: they com[m]itted villany in Israell 1 Sam:2.6. euen I know it saith ye L.) still it is true, yt he hath iudiciu[m] retributionis ye L. killeth & maketh aliue, he bringeth downe to ye graue & bringeth vp still it is true yt he hath all these, sine appellatione, for goe to the Sea or Earth, or hell, as Dauid makes ye distribution, & G. is there, & he hath y Iob: 16.19 sine iudicijs (for o[u]r witnes is in heauen, & o[u]r record is on high): all this is vndeniably true, & besides this yt gt name of G. by wc he is called in ye Scriptures Elohim, is not inconueniently deriued from Elah, wc is iurare to sweare, G. is able as a Iudg to minister an oath vnto vs & to draw euidence from o[u]r owne consciences agst o[u]rs: soe yt yn ye father iudges still but he iudges as G. & not as ye father. in ye 3 gt iudgmts of G. ye whole Trinity iudges; In ye first iudgmt before all times, wc was Gods Iudiciary separating of vessells of honour from vessells of dishonour in o[u]r election & reprobation. in this 2d iudgmt, wc is in execution now, wc is Gods iudiciary separating of seruants from Enemies in ye seals & in ye administration of ye Xian Xh. And in ye last Iudgmt, wc shalbe Gods iudiciary separating of sheep from Goats to eu[e]rlasting glory or condemnation. In all these 3 iudgm:ts all ye 3 p[er]sons of ye Trinity are Iudges: consider G. altogether & soe in all outward workes all ye Trinity concurrs, bec: all are but one G., but consider G. in relation in distinct p[er]sons, & soe ye seu[e]rall p[er]sons of ye Trinity doe something in wc ye other p[er]sons are not interested. ye Son hath not a g[ene]ration fro[m] hims:, soe, as he had from ye father, & ye holy Ghost as a distinct p[er]son, he had none at all: ye holy Gh: had a p[ro]ceeding from ye father & ye Son, but from ye son as a p[er]son wo had his g[ene]ration fro[m] another but not soe fro[m] ye father. not to stray into clouds or p[er]plexities in this contemplation, G. yt is, ye whole Trinity iudges still, but soe as ye Son iudgeth, ye father iudgeth not for yt iudgmt he hath com[m]itted vnto ye Son./

That we may husband o[u]r house well, & reserue as much as we can for our two last considerations, ye Cui & quid. To wm, & yt.. to ye Sonne, & wt he hath com[m]itted yt; all iudgmt; we will not stand much vpon this, more needs not then this, that G. in his wisedome foreseeing yt man for his weaknes, would not be able to settle hims: vpon ye consideration of G. & his iudgm.ts as they are meerely heauenly & sp[e]c[i]all, out of his abundant goodnes hath established a iudgmt & ordained a Iudg vpon earth, like hims: & like o[u]rs: too, yt as noe man hath seene G. soe noe man should goe about to see his vnsearchable decrees & iudgm:ts but rest in those sensible & uisible meanes wc he hath afforded, yt is, X Iesus, speaking in his X [fol. 21r] & applieing his blood vnto vs in ye Sacramts to ye worlds end, G. might haue suffred to Abram to rest in ye first g[ene]rall p[ro]mise, semene mulieris, ye seed of yt woman shall bruise ye serpents head, but he would bring it nearer to a visible, to a p[er]sonall couenant, in semen tuo in thy seed shall all nations be blessed he might well haue let him rest in yt appropriation of ye p[ro]mise to his race, but he would p[ro]ceed further, & seale it wth a sensible seale of his flesh with circumcision, he might haue let him rest in yt ratification, yt a Messias should come by yt way but he would refresh it by a continuall   of P[rop]hetts till ye Messias should come, & now yt he is come & gone, still G. pursues yt same way. How should they beleiue vnles they heare, & go G. eu[e]r more supplies his Xh wth visible & sensible meanes; & knowing ye n[atu]rall inclination of man, wo wn he cannot haue, nor cannot comp compr[e]hend ye Originall & prototype desires, to satisfie & refresh hims: wth a picture or repr[e]sentation, so tho G. hath forbidden vs yt slippery, & friuolous & dangerous vse of grauen Images, yet he hath afforded vs his Son, wo is ye image of yeColl: 1.15. visible G. & soe more p[ro]portionall to vse, more appr[e]hensible by vs, & so this com[m]itting is noe more but yt G. in another forme yn yt of G. hath manifested his power of iudging: & this Com[m]itting, this manifestation is, in filio, in his Sonne.

Filio./ But in ye entrance into ye handling of this, we aske onely this Question, Cui filio, to wc Son of G. is ye com[m]ission giuen? not yt G. hath more sons yn one but bec: yt one Son, is his Son by a 2fold filiation, by an externall & vnexpressible g[ene]ration, & by a temporary but miraculous incarnation. in wc of these rights is this com[m]ission deriu’d vpon him? doth he iudg as he is ye Son of G. or as he is ye Son of man? I am not ordinarily bold in determining points (especially if they were fundam.tall wherein I finde ye fathers among yms: & ye Schoole in its: & reuerend diuines of ye reformation among yms: to differ) but yet neither am I willing to raise doubts, & leaue ye Auditory vnsatisfied or vnsettled; we are not upon a lecture, but vpon a Sermon, & go we will not multiplie variety of opinions: sum[m]e vp ye fathers vpon one sind in S:t Ambrose mouth, & they will say wth him dedit ubiq[ue] generando non largiendo  G. gaue his Son this com[m]ission yn (& wn was yt then?) then, wn he begott him & yn he must haue it by his eternall g[ene]ration as ye Son of G./ Sum[m]e vp ye fathers on ye other side in s:t Aug: mouth, & yr they will say wth him yt it is soe cleare & soe certaine, yt wtsoeu[e]r is said in ye Scripture to be com[m]itted or giuen to X belongs to X as ye Son of man, & not as ye Son of G. as yt ye other opinion cannot be mainetained, & at this distance we shall neu[e]r bring ym to meet; but take in this Rule, Iudiciu[m] convent ei vt homo, causa vt deus, G. hath giuen X this com[m]ission as man, but X had not been capable of this com[m]ission, if he had not beene G. too, & soe it is easily reconciled. If we shall hold simply to ye l[ett]er of ye §, Pater dedit, yn it will seeme to haue been com[m]itted to him in his eternall g[ene]ration, bec: that was a worke of ye fathers onely, & in yt g[ene]ration, ye holy Ghost had not p[ar]t; but since in this Iudgmt wc is now com[m]itted to him, ye holy Ghost hath a part (for as we said before, ye iudgmt is an acte [fol. 21v] of ye whole trinity) we must looke for com[m]ission fro[m] ye whole Trinity, & Aug: yt is as he is man, for tota trinitas vniuit humanitate[m], ye hypostaticall vnion of G. & man in ye p[er]son of X was a worke of ye whole Trinity. Taking it then soe settled, yt ye capacity of this iudgmt, & (if we may say so) ye future title to it, was giuen to him as G. by his essence in his eternall Cyrill: g[ene]ration, by wc, non vitæ particeps, sed vita n[atu]raliter est, we cannot say yt X hath life, but yt he is life & ye life, for wtsoeu[e]r ye father is, he is, excepting onely ye name & relation of father, ye capacity, ye ability is in him eternally, before any imaginable, any possible consideration of time, but ye power of ye actuall execution of this iudgmt wc is giuen, & is co[m]mitted is in him as man, bec: as ye same father saies, ad homine[m] dicitur quod habus quod non accepisti, wn st Paule saies, wt hast thou, yt thou hast not receiued? he asks yt question of man, ytis wc is receiued, is receiued as man, de Christo 1.2.C.19. for as Bellarmine in a place wr he disposes hims: to qurrell at some forms of words of Caluins, tho he confess ye n[atu]re to be true, & (as he calls it yr) Catholique, saies essentia[m] genitam negamus, we confess yt X hath not his essence from his father by g[ene]ration, ye relation, ye filiation he hath from his Father, he hath ye name of Son, but he hath not this execution of this iudgm:t by yt relation, by that filiation; still as ye Son of G. he hath ye capacity as ye Son of man he hath ye execution, & go Prosper yt followes s:t Aug: limits it p[er]chance too narrowly to ye very flesh, to ye humanity ipsa (not ipse) erit Iudex quæ sub Iudice stetit, & ipsa iudicabit, qua iudicata est, w.r he places not this iudgmt vpon ye nixt p[er]son (wc is ye safest way) of G. & man but upon man alone, G. hath appointed a day in wc he will iudg ye world in righteousnes; but by wm? by yt man wm he hath ordained, Aug: in Psal: 28.6.G. will iudg still, but still in X;  & go saies s:t Aug: vpon those words arise o G. & iudg ye earth, Cui deo dicitur, Surge, nisi ei qui dormiuit wt G. doth Dauid call vpon to vpon to a rise, but yt G. wo lay downe to sleep in ye graue? as tho he should say (saies Aug:) dormiuisti iudicatus a terra, surge et iudica terram, soe yt to collect all, though Iudgmt be such a character of G. as G. cannot deuest, yet ye father hath committed such a iudgmt to ye sonne as none but he can execute./

omne Iudicia[m]./ And wt is that? o[mn]e iudiciu[m] all iudgmt, yt is, o[mn]e imperiu[m], o[mn]em potestate[m] it is pr[e]sented in ye name of iudgmt, but it involues all. It is l[ite]rally & 5.27 particularly in iudgmt in st Iohn. ye father hath giuen him autority to execute iudgmt . it is extended vnto power in s.t Mathew, all power 28.18 is giuen vnto me in heauen & earth. & it is enlarged as far farther 11.27 as can be expressed or conceiued in another place of st Math: all things are d[elivered] to me of my father; now all things o[u]r Sauio[u]r X Iesus exercises either p[er] carne[m] or at least in Carne, wtsoeu[e]r ye father does, ye sonne does too, in Carne, bec: now yr is an inseparable vnion betweene G. & ye humane n[atu]re; ye father, creates new soules eu[e]ry day in ye inanimation of children, & ye Son creates ym wth him. ye father concurrs wth all second causes, as ye first moueing cause of all, in n[atu]rall things, & all this ye sonne does too, but all this in carne, though he be in o[u]r humane flesh, he is not ye less able to doe ye acts of ye Godhead; but p[er] Carne[m] by ye[fol. 22r] flesh, instrumtally, visibly he executes iudgmt bec: he is ye son of man, G. hath beene soe indulgent to man, as yt yr should be noe iudgmt giuen vpon man but man must shold giue it. X yn haueing all iudgmt, we refresh to o[u]r memory those 3 iudgmts wc we touch’d vpon before; first ye iudgmt of o[u]r election seuering of vessells of honor & dishonor, next ye iudgmt of o[u]r rustification here seu[e]ring of freinds fro[m] enemies, & yn ye iudgmt of o[u]r glorification . seuering of sheep from Goats./

Iudiciu[m] electionis And for ye first of o[u]r Election. As if I were vnder ye condemnation of ye Law for some capitall offence, & goeing to execution & ye Kings mercie expressed in a sealed pardon were pr[e]sented me, I should not stand to inquire wt mou’d ye King to doe it, wt he said to any body else, wt any body else said to him, wt he saw in mee, or wt he lookt for at my hands, but imbrace that mercie cheerefully & thankefully, & attribute it onely to his abundant goodnes: soe wn I consider mys: to haue beene let full into this world in massa damnata, vnder ye generall condemnation of mankinde, & yet by ye working of Gods spirit I finde at first a desire, & after a modest assurance, yt I am deliuered from that condemnation of mankinde, & yet ye working of Gods spirit I finde at first a desire, & after a modest assurance, yt I am deliuered from that condemnation, inquire not wt G. did in his bedchamber in his Cabinett-Counsell, in his eternall decree, I know yt he hath made Iudiciu[m] electionis in X Iesus; & go yt I may know whether I doe not deceuie mys: in pr[e]suming mys: to be of yt number. I come downe & examine mys: whether I can truely tell my Conscience, yt X Iesus died for mee, wc I cannot doe if I haue not a desire & an endeauour to conforme mys mys: to him, & if I doe yt, yr I finde my pr[e]destination, I am a Xian, & I well not offer to goe before my Mr X Iesus, I cannot be saued before yr was a Sauiour in X Iesus is o[mn]e iudiciu[m], all iudgmt, & go ye iudgmt of Election, ye first separation of vessells of honor & dishono[u]r; in Election & reprobation, was in X Iesus./

Iudicium iustifica tionis. Much more euidently is ye 2d iudgmt of o[u]r Iustification by meanes ordained in ye Xian Xh, ye iudgmt of X, it is ye Gospell of X wc is pr[e]ached to yow there; it is ye bloud of X wc is pr[e]sented to yow yr; yr is noe name giuen vnder heauen, wrby yow should be saued; yr are noe other meanes giuen wrby Saluation should be applied in his name, but those yt he hath instituted in his Xh, soe yt wn I come to ye 2d Iudgmt, to try whether I stand iustified in ye sight of X or noe I come for ye iudgmt to X in his Xh; doe I remember wt I contracted wth X Iesus, wn I tooke ye name of Xian at my entrance into his Xh by baptisme doe I finde yt I haue endeauored to p[er]forme those Conditions? doe I finde a remorse, wn I haue not p[er]formed ym? doe I feele ye remission of those sins applied to mee, wn I heare ye gracious p[ro]mises of ye Gospel shed vpon repentant sinners, from ye mouth of his minister? haue I a true & solid consolation wthout shift, or disguise or flattering of my Conscience, wn I receiue ye Seale of his p[ar]don in ye Sacramt? Beloued not in any morall integrity, not in keeping ye Conscience of an honest man in g[ene]rall but in using well ye meanes ordained by X in ye Xian Xh, am iustified & go this iudgmt of Iustification is his too./

[fol. 22v] Iudiciu[m] glorifica tionis./And then the third & last Iudgmt wc is ye Iudgmt of Glorification thats easily agreed by all to app[er]taine vnto X, Idem Iesus ye Iesus yt ascended, shall come to Iudgmt, videbunt quem pupugerunt euery eye shall see him & they also wc peirced him, then ye Son of Apoc:1.7. man shall come in glory, & he as man shall giue ye Iudgmt, for things done & omitted towards him as man: for not feeding, for not clothing; for not harbouring, for not visiting. ye sum of all is, that this is ye ou[e]rflowing goodnes of G., yt he deals wth man by ye sonne of man; & yt he hath soe giuen all iudgmt to ye Sonne, as that if yow would be tryed by ye first Iudgmt; are yow elected or noe? ye issue is, doe you beleiue in X Iesus or noe: if yow would be tryed by ye second iudgmt, are you iudg iustified or noe? ye issue is, doe yow finde comfort in ye application of ye word, & sacram.ts of X Iesus or noe?  If you would be tryed by ye third iudgmt, doe yow expect a glorification or noe? ye issue is, are yow soe reconcild to X Iesus now by harty repentance for sins past, & by detestations of occasions of future sin, yt yow durst welcome yt Angell wc should come at this time & sweare yt time shalbe noe more, yt your transmigration out of this world should be this minute, & yt this minute yow might say vnfainedly & effectually, Veni d[omi]ne Iesu, Come L. Iesus come quickly, come now; if this be your state, then are you partakers of all that blessednes, wc ye father intended to yow, wn for your sakes he com[m]itted all iudgmt to ye Sonne./

Publishing statement

Publisher: The Oxford Edition of the Sermons of John Donne
General Editor: Peter McCullough
Funder: Arts and Humanities Research Council
Availability: This XML document is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 License.

Transcription notes

Transcription by Johanna Harris

Transcription proofread by Sebastiaan Verweij.

Transcription coded by Elizabeth Williamson.

The Manuscript

Institution: National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
Shelfmark: MS 5767
OESJD siglum: L

Manuscript Content

Item no: 1
Locus: ff. 11r-17r
Title: § Math:21.44./ Whosoeuer shall fall on this stone shalbe broken, but on whomsoeuer it shall fall, it will grinde him to powder /
Incipit: Almighty G. made vs for his glory, & his glory is not ye glory of a tyrant
Explicit: manifested vnto vs. to wm wth ye blessed Spirit &c/
Final Rubric: 5o Idus. Aug:
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. VI.1; P&S Vol. II.8

Item no: 2
Locus: ff. 18r-22v
Title: § Iohn: 5.22. The Father iudgeth no man, But hath committed all iudgment to ye Sonne./
Incipit: When our sauiour X forbids vs to cast pearle before swine, we vnderstand
Explicit: sakes he committed all iudgmt to ye Sonne./
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. IV.11; P&S Vol. II.15

Item no: 3
Locus: ff. 24r-27r
Title: § Iohn. 8.15./ I Iudge noe man./
Incipit: The Riuers of Paradice did not all run one way & yet they from one
Explicit: & yet ye Sonne iudges noe man./
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. IV.12; P&S Vol. II.16

Item no: 4
Locus: ff. 28r-32v
Title: § Ecclesiasticus: 12.1. Remember now thy Creator in the daies of thy youth
Incipit: We may consider 2 gt vertues, one for ye society of this life, thankefulnes: & ye other for
Explicit: we must./
Final Rubric: 3 Aug: 19, 1624/
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. IV.10; P&S Vol. II.11

Item no: 5
Locus: ff. 34r-38r
Title: § Colloss: 1.24./ Who now reioyce in my suffrings for yow, & fill vp yt wc is behinde of ye afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his bodies sake which is the Church./
Incipit: We are now to enter into ye handling of ye Doctrine of Euangelicall Counsaills
Explicit: shalbe your crownes, & X Iesus a Crowne of euerlasting glory to vs all
Final Rubric: Amen / 3° Calend: sextilis./
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. IV.2; OESJD Vol. III.16

Item no: 6
Locus: ff. 39r-44r
Title: § Psal: 144.15. Blessed are the People that be soe, yea Blessed are the People whose G. is the L.
Incipit: This first part of this § hath relation to temporall blessings, blessed is ye people
Explicit: wth ye inestimable price of his immortall blood
Final Rubric: to wc glorious Sonne of G. &c.
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. II.5; OESJD Vol. III.2

Item no: 7
Locus: ff. 45r-50r
Title: §.1 Tim: 3.16./ And without Controuersie great is ye Mistery of Godlynesse G. was manifested in the flesh; iustified in ye spirit: seene of Angells; preached vnto ye Gentiles; beleiued on in the world; receiued vp into Glory.
Incipit: This is ye § for an howreglasse: If G. would afford me Ezechias signe, vt reuertatur
Explicit: price of his incorruptible blood.
Final Rubric: To wc glorious Sonne of G. &c./ coram 92g2.)
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. II.6; P&S Vol. III.9

Item no: 8
Locus: ff. 51r-56v
Title: § Psal: 38.9. Lord all my desire is before thee, & my groaning is not hid from thee./
Incipit: The whole Psalm hath 2 parts. 1. a prayer & yn a reason of yt prayer. ye prayer hath
Explicit: but ordained by ye Xh./
Final Rubric: Τελοσ 11˚. Septemb: 1624.
Bibliography: OESJD Vol. IV.8; P&S Vol. II.6

Physical Description

Material: Paper, quarto. 195 X 145 mm.
Foliation: Foliation in pencil, modern and consecutive.
Collation: The binding is too tight for full collation.
Condition: The manuscript is in reasonably good condition. Up to f. 5, the leaves are reinforced in the binding (mounted in modern guards), probably owing to earlier damage. The outer edges to several leaves have also been repaired. Occasionally text written close onto the outer margins is very difficult to read due to soiling, resulting in some minor loss.

Hand(s) description

All Donne’s sermons, and the remainder of the manuscript, are written by a single scribe. Donne’s sermons are written in a very small but rather neat mixed hand with some secretary forms. The script is noticeably smaller than elsewhere in the manuscript. Observing a generous left-hand margin (employed for annotations), the scribe writes very close to the top and right margins. Common abbreviations are very extensively used, often by use of a raised superscript letter. Less frequent but commonly employed by this scribe are abbreviations ‘gt’ for ‘great’ (cf. ‘gtest', ‘gtness’); ‘agst’ for ‘against’; ‘dd’ or ‘ddd’ for ‘deliver’ or ‘delivered’; ‘X’ for ‘Christ’ and 'Xh' for 'Church'. The scribe also often writes ‘go’ for ‘ergo’, or ‘therefore’. The scribe occasionally writes a slightly more upright and less cursive script (also with italic instead of Greek ‘e’), for titles, marginal annotations, and quotations, but letterforms are frequently mixed, making it more difficult to isolate this ‘italic’ hand. On the evidence of a series of dated colophons to the sermon on ff. 2-10 (not Donne’s), and Donne’s sermons 1, 4, 5, and 8, transcription of all material on ff. 2-56v took place in around six weeks: from 3 August to 11 September 1624. With sermons 7 and 8, the scribe also added some small notes in a cypher, the key for which was provided by Augustus Jessopp (f. 38v); since these notes hide nothing of importance, they were likely for practice. Four pages (ff. 28r, 29v, 30v, 54v) feature marginal annotations that are not integral to the sermon text and, being more reflective (starting ‘Remember …’, were perhaps not present in L’s exemplar. They may have been entered at a later date, with a thinner and scratchier pen. These notes are still likely (but not certainly) the work of the main scribe.

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